This collection is comprised of peer-reviewed educational articles selected by the editor and provides a wealth of information around noninvasive prenatal testing from well-respected titles in obstetrics, gynaecology and genetics.
Noninvasive prenatal testing for fetal subchromosomal copy number variations and chromosomal aneuploidy by low-pass whole-genome sequencing
BACKGROUND:Expanding noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) to include the detection of fetal subchromosomal copy number variations (CNVs) significantly decreased the sensitivity and specificity. Developing analytic pipeline to achieve high performance in the noninvasive detection of CNVs will largely contribute to the application of CNVs screening in clinical practice. METHODS:We developed the Noninvasively Prenatal Subchromosomal Copy number variation Detection (NIPSCCD) method based on low-pass whole-genome sequencing, and evaluated its efficacy in detecting fetal CNVs and chromosomal aneuploidies with 20,003 pregnant women. RESULTS:Totally, NIPSCCD identified 36 CNVs, including 29 CNVs consistent and 7 CNVs inconsistent with amniocytes tests. Additionally, seven fetal CNVs identified by amniocytes testing were undetected by NIPSCCD. The sensitivities for detecting CNVs > 10 Mb, 5 Mb-10 Mb, and CNVs < 5 Mb were 91.67%, 100.00%, and 68.42%, respectively. Moreover, NIPSCCD identified 103/ true positive trisomy 21/18/13 cases and 21 false positives, producing an overall 100.00% sensitivity and 99.89% specificity. CONCLUSION:NIPSCCD showed a good performance in detecting fetal subchromosomal CNVs, especially for CNVs >10 Mb, and can be incorporated into the routine NIPT chromosomal aneuploidies screening with high sensitivity and specificity.
This article can be viewed on Wiley Online Library.